Common causes of vertigo and dizziness in Gujarat
Background: Dizziness is one of the most common complaints in medicine just second to headache. It frightens not only the patient but also frustrates the physicians. There is a long list of causes of dizziness but the common causes vary from place to place. The aim of this study was to know the common causes of dizziness and vertigo in Gujarat to generate the awareness among the doctors who get the patients with this common ailment so that they can better manage dizzy patients.
Methods: This prospective study included thirty-five patients with dizziness and vertigo that came to the Department of ENT for their management.
Results: Patients were divided into three categories. The first group of patients was having associated cochlear symptoms. Second group patients had isolated vertigo. Third group patients had associated CNS or medical conditions. The largest was the second group (37.5%) of isolated vertigo patients. The commonest diagnosis (18.75%) in this group was benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, followed by acute vestibular neuritis. Meniere’s disease and migraine and its variant were the most common causes in first and third group respectively.Conclusions:The overall scenario of causes of dizziness and vertigo in our study follow the international trend. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, acute vestibular neuronitis, Menieres disease and migraine were found the most common causes of vertigo.
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