A mapping review protocol for toothbrush design

Smruti Divate, Zac Morse

Abstract

Background: A universal method of dental home care regimen has been toothbrushing. It aids with dental biofilm and plaque removal in an attempt to prevent chronic oral diseases. Although many comparative studies have been conducted on toothbrushes and their efficacy in plaque removal, there has been no systematic mapping review focusing on toothbrush design, ease of use and safety. This mapping review aims to map key concepts, categorise existing themes and identify gaps in existing literature for future primary or scoping studies.

Methods: The protocol for this mapping review has been designed following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR) and the Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) guidelines. Primary and secondary studies, guidelines, and reports about the design, ease of use and safety of toothbrushes will be considered for inclusion in this mapping review. Four databases (Dentistry and Oral Sciences Source, CINAHL, MEDLINE, and Scopus) and three sources of unpublished literature (Cochrane Library, Google, and Google Scholar) will be searched using the JBI proposed three-stage search strategy by reviewers independently. A PRISMA-ScR flowchart will be utilised to document the numbers of identified, screened, and excluded sources. Data will be extracted using a data extraction table designed by the reviewers. Extracted data will be summarised and presented in diagrammatic and tabular forms, accompanied by a narrative explanation.

Conclusions: Examining the existing literature on toothbrush design is fundamental to guide future research, design innovations, and improve oral health.

Keywords

Comfort, Ergonomics, Oral hygiene products, Toothbrush, Toothbrush design, Safety

Full Text:

PDF

References

Petersen PE. The World Oral Health Report 2003: Continuous improvement of oral health in the 21st century: The approach of the WHO Global Oral Health Programme. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2003;31(1):3-24.

Listl S, Galloway J, Mossey PA, Marcenes W. Global economic impact of dental diseases. J Dent Res. 2015;94(10):1355-61.

World Health Organization. Oral health. 2020. Available at: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/oral-health. Accessed on 25 May. 2022.

Xin X, Yuan Z, Wenyuan S, Yaling L, Xuedong Z. Biofilm and dental caries. In: Xuedong Z, editor. Dental caries: Principles and management. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg. 2016;27-58.

Peres MA, Macpherson LMD, Weyant RJ, Daly B, Venturelli R, Mathur MR. Oral diseases: A global public health challenge. Lancet. 2019;394(10194):249-60.

Darby ML, Walsh M. Dental hygiene: Theory and practice: Elsevier. 2014;1.

Eden BD. Prevention strategies for periodontal diseases. In: Cappelli DP, Mobley CC, editors. Prevention in clinical oral health care. Saint Louis: Mosby. 2008;213-29.

Zachary M, Micah DJP, Cindy S, Catalin T, Alexa M, Edoardo A. Systematic review or scoping review? Guidance for authors when choosing between a systematic or scoping review approach. BMC Med Res Methodol. 2018;18(1):1-7.

Tricco AC, Lillie E, Zarin W, O’Brien KK, Colquhoun H, Levac D et al. PRISMA extension for scoping reviews (PRISMA-ScR): Checklist and explanation. Ann Int Med. 2018;169(7):467-73.

Aromataris E, Munn Z, editors. JBI Manual of Evidence Synthesis: JBI; 2020.

Aromataris E, Munn Z. JBI manual for evidence synthesis: JBI. 2020. Available At: https://jbi-global-wiki.refined.site/space/MANUAL. Accessed on 25 May. 2022.

Tricco AC, Lillie E, Zarin W, O’Brien KK, Colquhoun H, Levac D et al. PRISMA extension for scoping reviews (PRISMA-ScR): Checklist and explanation. Ann Intern Med. 2018;169(7):467-73.

Ouzzani M, Hammady H, Fedorowicz Z, Elmagarmid A. Rayyan: A web and mobile app for systematic reviews. Systematic Rev. 2016;5(1):210.

Munn Z, Peters MDJ, Stern C, Tufanaru C, McArthur A, Aromataris E. Systematic review or scoping review? Guidance for authors when choosing between a systematic or scoping review approach. BMC Med Res Methodol. 2018;18(1).